What Is Contract Of Sale And Things To Look Out For

What is contract of sale

When it comes to buying or selling a property, the contract of sale plays a pivotal role in outlining the terms and conditions that govern the transaction. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of the contract of sale and highlight the key factors you should be aware of before finalizing your property deal. By the end of this article, you’ll gain a comprehensive understanding of what a contract of sale entails and the essential aspects to keep an eye on, ensuring a smooth and successful property transaction.

What is contract of sale

A contract of sale is a legally binding agreement between a buyer and a seller that outlines the terms and conditions of a property transaction. It serves as a crucial document that specifies the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of both parties involved in the sale. To illustrate, let’s consider a hypothetical scenario:


Sarah is interested in purchasing a charming beachfront property from Alex. After negotiations, they agree on the terms of the sale, including the purchase price, deposit amount, and settlement date. These terms are then documented in the contract of sale.

What are the things included in contract of sale

The contract of sale encompasses several vital elements that ensure transparency and clarity in a property transaction. Some of the key components commonly found in a contract of sale include:

Property Details: Clear identification of the property, including its address and legal description.

Purchase Price: The agreed-upon amount for the property and the payment schedule.

Deposit: The initial amount paid by the buyer to secure the property, usually held in trust until settlement.

Settlement Date: The date on which the property’s ownership is transferred from the seller to the buyer.

Special Conditions: Any specific terms that both parties agree upon, such as repairs to be completed before settlement.

Inclusions and Exclusions: What is included in the sale (e.g., fixtures) and what is excluded (e.g., personal belongings).

Title Search: Verification that the seller holds legal ownership of the property.

Cooling-Off Period: A short period during which the buyer can cancel the contract without penalties.

How long is a contract of sale valid for?

The validity of a contract of sale varies based on the jurisdiction and the terms specified. Generally, a contract remains valid until the settlement date, unless either party decides to terminate it due to breaches or specific conditions. It’s important to review the contract carefully to understand the exact timeframe.

Can a vendor cancel contract of sale

In some situations, a vendor (seller) may attempt to cancel a contract of sale. However, this typically requires valid reasons, such as a breach by the buyer, failure to meet conditions, or mutual agreement. It’s crucial for both parties to understand their rights and responsibilities to avoid unnecessary conflicts.


In conclusion, a contract of sale serves as the cornerstone of any property transaction, outlining the terms and conditions that govern the sale. As you embark on your property journey, remember that seeking professional advice is essential. Engaging a conveyancer or solicitor to review the contract of sale thoroughly can provide you with the peace of mind you need, ensuring that your interests are protected and the transaction proceeds seamlessly.


What is in a contract of sale?

A contract of sale includes property details, purchase price, deposit, settlement date, special conditions, inclusions/exclusions, title search, and a cooling-off period.

When should you ask for a contract of sale?

It’s advisable to request the contract of sale as early as possible in the buying process to have ample time for review and negotiations.

How do you write a contract of sale?

Writing a contract of sale typically requires legal expertise. It’s recommended to consult a solicitor or conveyancer to draft or review the contract.

What is the purpose of the contract of sale?

The contract of sale outlines the terms, conditions, and obligations of both the buyer and seller in a property transaction, ensuring a clear understanding and a legally binding agreement.

As you embark on your property transaction journey, remember that understanding the contract of sale is pivotal to making informed decisions. By familiarizing yourself with its components and seeking professional advice, you’ll be well-equipped to navigate the complexities of property transactions with confidence.



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